United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
Local Rules & Internal Operating Procedures
April 8, 2015
Table of Contents Previous Next PDF


Local Rule 32.1. Citation of Unpublished Dispositions.
Citation of this Court’s unpublished dispositions issued prior to January 1, 2007, in briefs and oral arguments in this Court and in the district courts within this Circuit is disfavored, except for the purpose of establishing res judicata, estoppel, or the law of the case.
If a party believes, nevertheless, that an unpublished disposition of this Court issued prior to January 1, 2007, has precedential value in relation to a material issue in a case and that there is no published opinion that would serve as well, such disposition may be cited if the requirements of FRAP 32.1(b) are met.